The Civil War
After the election of 1860, seven Southern states formed the Confederate States of America with several other states still weighing their loyalties to the Union. On April 12, 1861, the South Carolina militia fired on the Federal fort Sumter. The first shots of the Civil War had been fired. Four more Southern states seceded and the bloodiest chapter in American history had began. By the end of the war, 750,000 Americans had died, slavery was on its way out, and the Southern Confederacy had come to an end.
Civil War Turning Points
A turning point is an event that changes the current situation and leads to a different outcome. The Civil War had three major turning points: Antietam and the Emancipation Proclamation, Vicksburg, and the Election of 1864.