In September 1774, most colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia for the purpose of addressing grievances against Great Britain. Then, on April 19, 1775, colonial militia and British soldiers exchanged shots in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. The American War of Independence had begun. The Continental Congress appointed George Washington to head the newly created Continental Army. Short on supplies, money, and training, the American cause seemed hopeless as the vastly superior British Empire prepared to undertake the greatest invasion in its history. Despite several early opportunities to defeat the Americans, British miscalculations led to a prolonged war. France and Spain, seeing an opportunity to weaken Great Britain, sided with the Americans turning a civil war into a global conflict.
The War for Independence
After shots had been exchanged between militia and redcoats at Lexington and Concord, King George III declared the colonies in a state of rebellion. Britain launched the greatest naval invasion in its history--a record that would last until the Normandy invasion of World War II. Britain was determined to restore order in its "misguided" colonies. Without money, a navy, an army, or even the full support of its population, the Continental Congress went about preparing to fight the super power of 18th century.
The Revolutionary War produced a number of important documents for both the war effort and the future of the United States. Of course these documents were written over two hundred years ago before English had been codified. Punctuation, word usage, and contemporary events have changed enough over time to make these documents difficult to read for most people today. I have endeavored to update the language, condense the information into its main points while trying to maintain the original message of the author. Pardon my blaspheme.